A classic account of Jane Austen in the context of eighteenth century feminist ideas and contemporary thought. Margaret Kirkham shows that Jane Austen's views on the status of women, female education, marriage, the family and the representation of women in literature were remarkably similar to thsoe of feminists in her own day.
In 1932 President Roosevelt promised a New Deal for America. His plans to pull America out of depression led to the creation of many new Government agencies - clearly outlined in this book. The author describes the New Deal for the unemployed, the farmers, the land, and industry and shows how Roosevelt had to cope with opposition and involvement in the Second World war. A concluding chapter looks at both contemporary and later assessments of roosevelt and his New Deal
Second language acquisitionThis book is about theory and the role of theory in research on adult second-language learning. My principal goal is to examine what position theory plays in this growing subfield of applied linguistics and to evaluate present theories. Particular attention is paid to methodological issues and to the question of how theoretical concepts are translated into empirical procedures."
Exploring fluency from multiple vantage points that together constitute a cognitive science perspective, this book examines research in second language acquisition and bilingualism that points to promising avenues for understanding and promoting second language fluency. Cognitive Bases of Second Language Fluency covers essential topics such as units of analysis for measuring fluency, the relation of second language fluency to general cognitive fluidity, social and motivational contributors to fluency, and neural correlates of fluency.
The second edition of Theories in Second Language Acquisition seeks to build on the strengths of the first edition by surveying the major theories currently used in second language acquisition research. This volume is an ideal introductory text for undergraduate and graduate students in SLA and language teaching. Each chapter focuses on a single theory, written by a leading scholar in the field in an easy-to-follow style – a basic foundational description of the theory, relevant data or research models used with this theory, common misunderstandings, and a sample study from the field to show the theory in practice.
The Natural Approach: Krashen's Model of Second Language Acquisition This paper begins by briefly contrasting two main theoretical perspectives, the nativist and inatist theories of second language acquisition. It then shifts focus to Stephen Krashen’s natural approach hypothesis, also known as the monitor model. This paper outlines Krashen’s main hypotheses which constitute the natural approach to second language acquisition. Moreover, the paper analyzes Krashen’s theory in terms of its weaknesses, strengths as well as address some of the obvious pedagogical implications that the model has had in teaching English as a foreign language (EFL) and English as a second language (ESL).
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