This book is the first to reflect the multi-dimensional nature of the interplay between logic, science, philosophy and language in the Arabic tradition. It presents contributions from the world’s leading scholars and historians under the headings ‘Epistemology and Philosophy of Science’ and ‘Logic, Philosophy and Grammar’.
The contents exemplify the liveliness of modern perspectives on the Arabic tradition. It describes new paths for research and understanding not normally raised in the approaches to this subject. It challenges the rigid distinction between Western and Eastern thought and opens the field for a new view on the development of modern science.
Contents Part I Epistemology and Philosophy of Science Ibn Sīnā’s Philosophy of Mathematics M. Ardeshir Avicenna on Self-Awareness and Knowing that One Knows D.L. Black A Conceptual Analysis of Early Arabic Algebra A. Heeffer Avicenna’s Naturalized Epistemology and Scientific Method J. McGinnis The Philosophy of Mathematics R. Rashed The Birth of Scientific Controversies, The Dynamics of the Arabic Tradition and its Impact on the Development of Science: Ibn al-Haytham’s Challenge of Ptolemy’s Almagest H. Tahiri Part II Logic Philosophy and Grammar The Jiha/Tropos-Mādda/Hūlē Distinction in Arabic Logic and its Significance for Avicenna’s Modals A.Q. Ahmed Islamic Logic? A. Bäck Logical Fragments in Ibn Khaldūn’s Muqaddimah H.P. van Ditmarsch Avicenna on the Quantification of the Predicate (with an Appendix on [Ibn Zur'a]) A. Hasnawi Name (ism), Derived Name (ism mushtaqq) and Description (wasf) in Arabic Grammar, Muslim Dialectical Theology and Arabic Logic C. Schöck Logic and Metaphysics in Avicenna’s Modal Syllogistic P. Thom Index of Names Index of Subjects