Grade 9 Up–While this work is by no means comprehensive, it will more than meet students' research needs. The clearly written entries are organized alphabetically. Each one includes a text box with an overview of the combatants, casualties, treaties, principal theaters, outcome, and the major issues and objectives, followed by an overview of the battle or war that places it in historical context and a short list of further reading. The date of the earliest conflict included is the Fall of Jericho c. 8000 B.C.E., followed by Sargon's Conquests of Sumer in 2325 B.C.E.; entries continue through the year 2003 with the ongoing U.S.-Iraq War and the U.S. War on Terrorism. Most of the major European and U.S. conflicts are examined. Coverage for other countries is adequate. A few examples are the Sino-Korean wars, Muslim civil wars, Indonesian wars, the Ethiopian-Eritrean Guerrilla War, the Rwandan and Afghan civil wars. Clear, black-and-white maps are scattered throughout, each with a key. Volume three contains a chronology and an extensive index.