Grounded in state-of-the-art research, this book explores how English language learners develop both the oral language and literacy skills necessary for school success. Chapters examine the cognitive bases of English acquisition, and how the process is different for children from alphabetic (such as Spanish) and nonalphabetic (such as Chinese) language backgrounds. The book addresses a key challenge facing educators and clinicians: identifying students whose poor English skills may indicate an underlying impairment, as opposed to still-developing language proficiency. Implications for diagnosis, intervention, and instruction are highlighted throughout.
Contexts for language and literacy development among dual-language learners / Claude Goldenberg, Leslie Reese, and Ali Rezaei -- The role of first language in oral language development in English: the case of both alphabetic and nonalphabetic languages / Stefka H. Marinova-Todd and Yuuko Uchikoshi -- Tuning in to language-specific patterns: nonword repetition and the big picture of bilingual vocabulary learning / María R. Brea-Spahn and Elaine R. Silliman -- Rapid spoken language shift in early second-language learning: the role of peers and effects on the first language / D. Kimbrough Oller...[et. al] -- Language proficiency and its implications for monolingual and bilingual children / Ellen Bialystok and Xiaojia Feng -- Factors affecting the relative relationships between first- and second-language phonological awareness and second-language reading / Alexandrea Gottardo...[et. al] -- Learning a nonalphabetic script and its impact on later development of English as a second language / Him Cheung, Catherine McBride-Chang and Xiuli Tong -- Chinese language learners of English use more orthographic-lexical than phonological strategies in English word recognition and spelling / Che Kan Leong -- Writing acquisition among English language learners in U.S. schools / Laura Méndez Barletta, Janette K. Klingner, and Michael J. Orosco -- Linguistic and cognitive processes in the development of spelling in English language learners: first-language transfer, language proficiency or cognitive processes? / Esther Geva and Adèle Lafrance -- Cognitive and oral language contributors to reading disabilities in Spanish-English bilinguals / Franklin R. Manis and Kim A. Lindsey -- Assessment of reading problems amount English language learners based on the component model / R. Malatesha Joshi and P. G. Aaron -- The policy context of research on basic precesses in bilingual children in the United States / Kenji Hakuta.