Universal schooling has been adopted as a goal by international organizations, bilateral aid agencies, national governments, and non-profit organizations. Yet little sustained international attention has been devoted to the purposes or goals of universal education. What is universal primary and secondary education intended to accomplish? This book, which grew out of a project of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, offers diverse views from Asia, Africa, Europe, North America and South America and from diverse cultures, religions, and professions, on the purposes of universal education. It is the first book in which renowned authors from around the world have confronted one another in proposing goals of basic and secondary education, and in considering and responding to the differing views of others on one of the most pressing issues facing education today.
List of Figures and Tables
Part I Introduction
1 Goals of Universal Basic and Secondary Education
Part II Educational Goals for Tomorrow's Society
2 Education for All, but for What?
3 Goals of Universal Primary and Secondary Education in the 21st Century: Reviving the Spirit of Socrates
4 What Will Be the Near-Future Goals of Education?
Part III Educational Priorities in Poor Countries
5 Quality Education: The Work of Optimists
6 Achieving Education of High Quality in Islamiyya Schools of Nigeria
7 Nurturing Learning Ability: The Goals of Universal Primary and Secondary Education
8 Quality, the Heart of Equity
Part IV Empowering Children through Art and Science
9 The dia Program: The Development of Intelligence through Art
10 Educational Goals: Art, Science, Love, and the Importance of Binocular Vision
Part V The Special Role of Skepticism as Universal Educational Goal
11 What Does “Universal” Education Mean?
12 Teaching Tolerance and Open-Minded Approaches to Understanding Sacred Texts
13 Educating All the People for Democratic Governance: A U.S. Perspective
Part VI Educating Global Citizens
14 Educating for Global Competency
15 Education and the Globalization Paradigm
Part VII Perspectives on Assessment and Educational Goals
16 Evaluating Basic and Secondary Education
17 For What Should Schools Be Held Accountable?
Part VIII Defining Educational Quality as a Basis for Educational Policy
18 Quality Education: A UNESCO Perspective
19 Quality Education: What Is It, and Who Decides? Briefing Paper for a Policy Maker
20 The Challenge of Defining a Quality Universal Education: Mapping a Common Core