Now in a revised and expanded second edition, this invaluable book provides teachers and coaches with the information and tools they need to get started on the complex process of reading assessment. Grounded in a solid scientific framework, the book presents practical strategies that enable teachers to recognize "good reader behaviors," assess students' strengths and weaknesses, analyze the evidence collected, and make instructional decisions. The second edition has been thoroughly updated throughout. It also covers new tools for assessing early literacy, offering guidelines for choosing among them; considers the pros and cons of high-stakes testing; and presents alternatives to standardized measures. Numerous examples, professional development activities, and reproducibles enhance the utility of this ideal classroom resource and text.