This collection of papers, concentrating on project work in Africa, but with general implications for all North-South relations, is designed to contribute to such clarification. Most of the projects reported originate with British Council support, and nearly all the contributions relate their own specific requirements to the state of theory in needs analysis, implementation and evaluation. Sometimes basic questions of the role that English can and should play in the life of particular countries need to be confronted. All of these papers address themselves, in various ways, to the interface between theory and practice.
The order of papers is approximately in ascending level of sophistication of English required, from primary to advanced professional.