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Translation Universals: Do they exist?

 
72

Translation universals is one of the most intriguing and controversial topics in recent translation studies. Can we discover general laws of translation, independent of the particularities of individual translations? Research into this is new: serious empirical work only began in the late nineties. The present volume offers the state of the art on the issue. It includes theoretical discussion on alternative conceptualisations and new distinctions around the basic concepts. Several papers test hypotheses on universals in the light of recent work in different languages, and some suggest new ones emerging from empirical work over the last two to three years. The book contributes to the search for generalities in translation, the methodological solutions available, and presents emerging evidence on the kinds of regularities that large-scale research is bringing forth. On a more practical level, the applicability of the hypotheses and findings to translator education is, as always, a concern for translation studies.


Table of contents

Introduction
1–11
I. Conseptualising universals
Probabilistic explanations in translation studies: Welcome as they are, would they qualify as universals?
GideonToury
15–32
Beyond the particular
AndrewChesterman
33–49
When is a universal not a universal? Some limits of current corpus-based methodologies for the investigation of translation universals
SilviaBernardiniandFedericoZanettin
51–62
II. Large-scale tendencies in translated language
Corpora, universals and interference
AnnaMauranen
65–82
Untypical frequencies in translated language: A corpus-based study on a literary corpus of translated and non-translated Finnish
SariEskola
83–99
Untypical patterns in translations: Issues on corpus methodology and synonymity
JarmoHarriJantunen
101–126
III. Testing the basics
Translation-specific lexicogrammar? Characteristic lexical and collocational patterning in Swedish texts translated from English
Per-OlaNilsson
129–141
Explicitation: A universal of translated text?
VilmaPpai
143–164
Explicitation of clausal relations: A corpus-based analysis of clause connectives in translated and non-translated Finnish children’s literature
TiinaPuurtinen
165–176
Unique items — over- or under-represented in translated language?
SonjaTirkkonen-Condit
177–184
IV. Universals in the translation class
What happens to “unique items” in learners’ translations? “Theories” and “concepts” as a challenge for novices’ views on “good translation”
PekkaKujamki
187–204
The fate of “The Families of Medelln”: Tampering with a potential translation universal in the translation class
RiittaJskelinen
205–214
Author index
215–217
Subject index
219–221







Approved by Englishcology



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Tags: empirical, hypotheses, languages, universals, number, topic, studies, testiing, translation, serious, Research, translations, individual