TTC - Europe and Western Civilization in the Modern Age 48 lectures of 30 minutes - 557Mb - MP3 Taught by Thomas Childers
Three lifetimes ago, Europe was a farming society ruled by families of monarchs.
Modern European history began with two seismic tremors—capitalism and democracy—that shattered Europe's foundations: * In the decades after 1750, the Industrial Revolution in England thrust aside the old economic order and introduced modern industrial capitalism. * The French Revolution of 1789–99 swept away the Ancien Regime in France and threatened entrenched elites everywhere in Europe.
Consider the events that followed: * In the span of one life, England became an industrial, urban culture; tens of thousands were guillotined in France; Napoleon's Empire—the greatest since Rome—rose and fell; and revolution swept the capitals of Europe. * In one more lifetime, the Russian serfs were freed; Italy and Germany were created from a loose collection of city-states; European powers divided and conquered Africa; Darwin, Marx, Freud, and Einstein published world-shaking ideas; and millions died in a Great War. * And in a third lifetime, the world plunged into economic depression, global war, and genocide; Europe abandoned its African colonies; the Soviet Union rose and fell; Fascism and Communism challenged democracy; democracy became the dominant form of government; and the same powers that had bled each other for hundreds of years created a Common Market and unified currency.
With Professor Thomas Childers, the history of Europe from the 1750s to the present becomes as immediate to you as today's headlines. Professor Childers makes this parade of events, horrible and magnificent, comprehensible and even predictable, as he employs the historian's craft and a storyteller's skill to find the causes of what otherwise might seem a march of folly.
Course Lecture Titles 1. Introduction—Europe in the "Modern Age" 2. Social and Political Life Under the Ancien Regime 3. Intellectual and Cultural Life—The Challenge of the Enlightenment 4. The Origins of the French Revolution 5. The Outbreak of the Revolution and the Monarchist Response 6. The Terror and Its Aftermath 7. The Rise of Napoleon—Heir of the Revolution or New Form of Tyranny? 8. Napoleonic Europe—An Epoch of War 9. The Restoration and Reactionary Conservatism 10. The Challenge of Liberal Nationalism 11. Liberal Capitalism and the Industrial Revolution—The English Experience 12. The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution 13. The Revolution in France 14. Revolution in Central Europe 15. The Political Implications of the Revolution 16. The Unification of Germany 17. The Unification of Italy 18. The New Imperialism 19. Race, Religion, and Greed—Explaining European Expansion 20. Marx and the Challenge of Socialism 21. The Social Problem and the Crisis of Liberalism 22. A New Conservatism—Anti-Modernism and the Origins of Fascism 23. European Cultural and Intellectual Life 24. Social Norms, Social Strains in the Belle Epoque 25. The International System, 1871–1890 26. The Breakdown of the International System and the Slide Toward War 27. Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Central and Eastern Europe 28. The July Crisis and the Outbreak of War 29. The War to End All Wars—The Experience of the Trenches 30. The Treaty of Versailles and the Failed Peace 31. The Bolshevik Revolution 32. Civil War and the Establishment of the Soviet State 33. The Soviet System Under Stalin 34. Mussolini and the Emergence of Italian Fascism 35. The Democracies in Crisis 36. Hitler and the Rise of Nazism in Germany 37. Totalitarianism—The Third Reich 38. The Third Reich—Ideology and Domestic Policy 39. Ideology and Hitler's Foreign Policy 40. The Twenty-Year Crisis—The International System, 1919–1939 41. The Coming of War, 1939 42. The Blitzkrieg, 1940–1941 43. The Holocaust 44. The World at War 45. The Origins of the Cold War 46. The Division of Europe 47. The Collapse of Communism 48. Conclusion—Europe on the Eve of the 21st Century