Argumentation: The Study of Effective Reasoning, 2nd Edition, is a rigorous introduction to the formal study of argumentation—communication that seeks to persuade others through reasoned judgment. Why should you practice this kind of argument analysis? "It enables you to understand what's going on in the argument," says Professor Zarefsky. "Few of us are ever going to have the opportunity to address the U.N. Security Council, but if you do this with a letter to the editor, or an editorial in the local newspaper, or in a conversation that you have in your family, the same process works just as well, and you can get some real insight into the nature of the arguments." Award-winning Professor David Zarefsky of Northwestern University has five goals for this course: 1. You will learn how to recognize arguments; how to find them in conversations, newspaper editorials, speeches, in controversies of any kind; and how to know them when you encounter them. 2. You will become aware of how arguing reflects choice, broadening your understanding of the choices that arguers can make and that you can make when you build and construct an argument. 3. You will learn how to evaluate various types of arguments. In the process, you'll learn the standards that should govern your assessment of these qualities. 4. In attempting all of these tasks you will examine examples of a variety of historical and contemporary arguments, shedding light on some significant controversies by looking at them from the perspective of argument. 5. Having become familiar with argumentation theories, you should be able to improve your ability both as an analyst and as a maker of arguments.
proffesor: David Zarefsky production land: usa Run time: ~24 x 30 min
1. Introducing Argumentation and Rhetoric 2. Underlying Assumptions of Argumentation 3. Formal and Informal Argumentation 4. History of Argumentation Studies 5. Argument Analysis and Diagramming 6. Complex Structures of Argument 7. Case Construction—Requirements and Options 8. Stasis—The Heart of the Controversy 9. Attack and Defense I 10. Attack and Defense II 11. Language and Style in Argument 12. Evaluating Evidence 13. Reasoning from Parts to Whole 14. Reasoning with Comparisons 15. Establishing Correlations 16. Moving from Cause to Effect 17. Commonplaces and Arguments from Form 18. Hybrid Patterns of Inference 19. Validity and Fallacies I 20. Validity and Fallacies II 21. Arguments between Friends 22. Arguments among Experts 23. Public Argument and Democratic Life 24. The Ends of Argumentation