There was a group of 19th-century English poets, painters, and critics called Pre-Raphaelites who reacted against the neoclassical conventions of academic art and Victorian materialism by producing sincere, quasi-religious works. The group took inspiration from the medieval and early Renaissance painters up to the time of the Italian painter Raphael.
Originally, the movement was aimed at reviving simplicity, freshness and freedom in painting, but soon it touched the literature and sculpture. The works of the Pre-Raphaelites in literature may be considered as a recurring phase of the Romantic Movement. If you look back to the Middle Ages, the school seem to be parallel to the Oxford movement in the Anglican church and a Gothic revival.