This single volume examines how the policies of imperialism were organized, and by whom. It sets out how imperialists saw the way of the world and how they gathered its public affairs into a framework of their own devising. It tells what assertions were made against them, and how they dealt with these. It shows how they developed no new strategy in the face of this challenge and how as a direct consequence they watched the moral initiative pass to the dissidents, usually called nationalists, who based their case on liberal principles like self-determination, which were often preached but not as often practiced among them. It discusses the ideas and the tactics of the spokesmen for these dissidents, who spent the years between the two world wars attaining credibility, durability, and, ultimately, a national following.