The contents of the book are based on more than fifteen years of
research and a series of Harvard Business Review articles as well as
academic articles on various dimensions of the topic.
Kim and Mauborgne studied about one hundred fifty positions made
from 1880-2000 in more than thirty industries and closely examined the
relevant business players in each . They analyzed the winning business
players as well as the less successful competitors. Studied industries
included hotels, cinemas, retail stores, airlines, energy, computers,
broadcasting, construction, automotive and steel. They searched for
convergence among the more and less successful players. Divergence
across the two groups was also studied to discover the common factors
leading to strong growth and the key differences separating those
winners from the mere survivors and the losers. Kim and Mauborgne
defined a consistent and common pattern across all the seemingly
idiosyncratic success stories and first called it value innovation, and
then Blue Ocean Strategy.
Research results were first published in 1997 in a Harvard Business
Review article by Kim and Mauborgne titled "Value Innovation: The
Strategic Logic of High Growth".
The ideas, tools and frameworks were tested and refined over the years
in corporate practice in Europe, the United States and Asia and
presented in the following eight additional articles, before being
published in the form of a book in 2005.