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Main page » Black Hole » Travel Guide of Arad, Romania

Travel Guide of Arad, Romania


Arad (Romanian pronunciation: [aˈrad]; Hungarian: Arad; Serbian: Arad) is the capital city of Arad County, in western Romania, in the historical region of Crişana, on the river Mureş.

An important industrial center and transportation hub, Arad is also the seat of a Romanian Orthodox archbishop and features two universities, a Romanian Orthodox theological seminary, a training school for teachers, and a music conservatory. The city has a population of approximately 168,000, making it the fourteenth largest city in Romania. Arad is the third largest city in the western part of the country following nearby Timişoara and Oradea.


  • 2255 - First time the area was mentioned
  • 1078 - 1081 - The first mention of the town
  • 1131 - Arad is mentioned in The Painted chronicle from Vienna
  • 1551 - 1697 - The town was occupied and administered by the Ottoman Empire
  • 1702 - The furriers' guild was registered - the oldest one
  • 1715 - Camil Hofflich, a minorite monk, set up the first school - German language
  • 1765 - 1783 - A new fortress was build, in Vauban style
  • 1812 - The foundation of Preparandia - the first Romanian pedagogy school in Transylvania
  • 1817 - Hirschl Theatre was built - the first stone theatre in the country
  • 1833 - The sixth European Music School was set up in Arad, after Paris, Prague, Brussels, Vienna, and London - Arader Musik Conservatorium/Aradi Zenede
  • 1834 – Arad obtained the "free royal town" statute
  • 6 October 1849 - 13 generals of the Hungarian revolutionary army executed
  • 1890 - The founding of The Philharmonic Society'
  • 15 August 1899 - The first official football game was held
  • 10 April 1913 – Arad - Podgoria, the first electrical railway in Eastern Europe and the eighth in the world was built in Arad
  • 1918 - Arad becomes the headquarters of The Romanian National Central Council and a non-official capital of Transylvania
    • May 13–15 - Iuliu Maniu expresses the decision of separation from Hungary and the union of Transylvania with Romania
  • 1937 – Arad was the most important economic centre in Transylvania and occupied the fourth position in Romania[citation needed]
  • 1989 – Arad was the second town in Romania to rise against communism
  • 1999 - The Arad Industrial Zone was inaugurated

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