Close-up and macro photography are two of the most challenging forms of photography, yet potentially the most exciting and rewarding, often revealing stunning patterns, textures, colors, and details unseen by the naked eye. Everyday objects can make excellent macro subjects, providing an endless range of specimens. Whilst medical and forensic photographers need to be able to record the finest details in a standardized way in their images, artists and creative photographers will find huge inspiration in the myriad of subjects to be found in the world of close-up and macro photography. New advances in digital equipment have made it much easier recently, particularly as results can be previewed instantly on the camera screen, and, with no film and processing costs, there is now no need to worry about the cost of experimentation. Advances in software too, enabling new techniques such as focus stacking, have led to new standards in close-up imaging that were unimaginable just a few years ago.