At the beginning of the 19th century, the first explorers traveled from Europe to the land of Egypt and searched for archaeological treasures along the banks of the Nile. But the realm of the pharaohs presented them with puzzling questions. Who were these rulers? Where did their immense riches come from? And why was so much of it lost to the sands of the desert? Discover the history, culture and key figures of ancient Egypt from its mere beginnings until its dramatic Roman conquest.