Contrastive Topology of the English and Ukrainian Languages
by Ilko V. Korunets'.
(Introduction - in Ukrainian, full text - in English)
Typology as a branch of linguistics comes from "type" or "typical",
hence, it aims at establishing similar general linguistic categories
serving as a basis for the classification of languages of different types,
irrespective of their genealogical relationship.
, as the notion itself
reveals it, represents a linguistic subject of typology based on the
method of comparison or contrasting. Like typology proper, which has
hitherto been practised, contrastive typology also aims at establishing
the most general structural types of languages on the basis of their
dominant or common phonetical/phonetic, morphological, lexical and
syntactic features. Apart from this contrastive typology may equally
treat dominant or common features only, as well as divergent features/
phenomena only, which are found both in languages of the same
structural type (synthetic, analytical, agglutinative, etc.) as well as in
languages of different structural types (synthetic and analytical, agglutinative
and incorporative, etc.)
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