Text and Discourse Analysis is a practical, user-friendly guide to the issues and methods associated with text and discourse analysis. In this skills-enabling volume, Raphael Salkie looks at a range of cohesive devices. After exploring lexical cohesion, he goes on to more complex cohesive devices such as substitution and the use of reference items. Salkie then concludes by looking at larger patterns in texts and provides a guide for further reading. Text and Discourse Analysis is data driven, examining a wide variety of authentic texts, including news stories, advertisements, novels, official forms, instruction manuals and textbooks. Supplemented by numerous practical activities, this book will prove a unique and invaluable resource for anyone interested in language and literature.